PHP上载图片大小调整

2021/01/30 06:41 · php ·  · 0评论

我得到了一个表格,用户可以在其中插入一些数据并上传图像。

为了处理图像,我得到了以下代码:

define("MAX_SIZE", "10000");
$errors = 0;
$image = $_FILES["fileField"]["name"];
$uploadedfile = $_FILES['fileField']['tmp_name'];
if($image){
    $filename = stripslashes($_FILES['fileField']['name']);
    $extension = strtolower(getExtension($filename));
    if (($extension != "jpg") && ($extension != "jpeg") && ($extension != "png") && ($extension != "gif")){
        echo ' Unknown Image extension ';
        $errors = 1;
    } else {
        $newname = "$product_cn.$extension";
        $size = filesize($_FILES['fileField']['tmp_name']);
        if ($size > MAX_SIZE*1024){
            echo "You have exceeded the size limit";
            $errors = 1;
        }
        if($extension == "jpg" || $extension == "jpeg" ){
            $uploadedfile = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
            $src = imagecreatefromjpeg($uploadedfile);
        } else if($extension == "png"){
            $uploadedfile = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
            $src = imagecreatefrompng($uploadedfile);
        } else {
            $src = imagecreatefromgif($uploadedfile);
        }
        list($width, $height) = getimagesize($uploadedfile);
        $newwidth = 60;
        $newheight = ($height/$width)*$newwidth;
        $tmp = imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth, $newheight);
        $newwidth1 = 25;
        $newheight1 = ($height/$width)*$newwidth1;
        $tmp1 = imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth1, $newheight1);
        imagecopyresampled($tmp, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $newwidth, $newheight, $width, $height);
        imagecopyresampled($tmp1, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $newwidth1, $newheight1, $width, $height);
        $filename = "../products_images/$newname";
        $filename1 = "../products_images/thumbs/$newname";
        imagejpeg($tmp, $filename, 100); // file name also indicates the folder where to save it to
        imagejpeg($tmp1, $filename1, 100);
        imagedestroy($src);
        imagedestroy($tmp);
        imagedestroy($tmp1);
    }
}

getExtension函数:

function getExtension($str) {
    $i = strrpos($str, ".");
    if (!$i) { return ""; }
    $l = strlen($str) - $i;
    $ext = substr($str,$i+1,$l);
    return $ext;
}

由于我对这些功能并不十分熟悉,因此我在代码中写了一些符号。

由于某种原因,它不起作用。当我转到“ product_images”或“ product_images / thumbs”文件夹时,找不到任何上传的图像。

知道我的代码有什么问题吗?应该有60px宽度的图像和25px宽度的图像。

注意:您不知道在哪里声明的变量,例如$product_cn在该代码块之前声明的变量,该代码完全可以正常工作(经过测试)。如果您仍然想看一眼,请随时索取代码。

提前致谢!

您可以在上载时使用此库来处理图像。http://www.verot.net/php_class_upload.htm

这是另一个不错的解决方案:

$maxDim = 800;
$file_name = $_FILES['myFile']['tmp_name'];
list($width, $height, $type, $attr) = getimagesize( $file_name );
if ( $width > $maxDim || $height > $maxDim ) {
    $target_filename = $file_name;
    $ratio = $width/$height;
    if( $ratio > 1) {
        $new_width = $maxDim;
        $new_height = $maxDim/$ratio;
    } else {
        $new_width = $maxDim*$ratio;
        $new_height = $maxDim;
    }
    $src = imagecreatefromstring( file_get_contents( $file_name ) );
    $dst = imagecreatetruecolor( $new_width, $new_height );
    imagecopyresampled( $dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $new_width, $new_height, $width, $height );
    imagedestroy( $src );
    imagepng( $dst, $target_filename ); // adjust format as needed
    imagedestroy( $dst );
}

参考:PHP按最大宽度或最大重量按比例调整图像大小

编辑:清理并简化了一些代码。感谢@ jan-mirus的评论。

//这是我的示例,我曾经自动将每张插入的照片的大小自动调整为100 x 50像素,并将图像格式调整为jpeg希望对您有所帮助

if($result){
$maxDimW = 100;
$maxDimH = 50;
list($width, $height, $type, $attr) = getimagesize( $_FILES['photo']['tmp_name'] );
if ( $width > $maxDimW || $height > $maxDimH ) {
    $target_filename = $_FILES['photo']['tmp_name'];
    $fn = $_FILES['photo']['tmp_name'];
    $size = getimagesize( $fn );
    $ratio = $size[0]/$size[1]; // width/height
    if( $ratio > 1) {
        $width = $maxDimW;
        $height = $maxDimH/$ratio;
    } else {
        $width = $maxDimW*$ratio;
        $height = $maxDimH;
    }
    $src = imagecreatefromstring(file_get_contents($fn));
    $dst = imagecreatetruecolor( $width, $height );
    imagecopyresampled($dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $width, $height, $size[0], $size[1] );

    imagejpeg($dst, $target_filename); // adjust format as needed


}

move_uploaded_file($_FILES['pdf']['tmp_name'],"pdf/".$_FILES['pdf']['name']);
<form action="<?php echo $_SERVER["PHP_SELF"];  ?>" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" id="something" class="uniForm">
    <input name="new_image" id="new_image" size="30" type="file" class="fileUpload" />
    <button name="submit" type="submit" class="submitButton">Upload Image</button>
</form>

<?php
    if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
      if (isset ($_FILES['new_image'])){              
          $imagename = $_FILES['new_image']['name'];
          $source = $_FILES['new_image']['tmp_name'];
          $target = "images/".$imagename;
          $type=$_FILES["new_image"]["type"];

          if($type=="image/jpeg" || $type=="image/jpg"){
          move_uploaded_file($source, $target);
          //orginal image making part

          $imagepath = $imagename;
          $save = "images/" . $imagepath; //This is the new file you saving
          $file = "images/" . $imagepath; //This is the original file
          list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file) ;
          $modwidth = 1000;
          $diff = $width / $modwidth;
          $modheight = $height / $diff;   
          $tn = imagecreatetruecolor($modwidth, $modheight) ;
          $image = imagecreatefromjpeg($file) ;
          imagecopyresampled($tn, $image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $modwidth, $modheight, $width, $height) ;
          echo "Large image: <img src='images/".$imagepath."'><br>";                     
          imagejpeg($tn, $save, 100) ;

          //thumbnail image making part
          $save = "images/thumb/" . $imagepath; //This is the new file you saving
          $file = "images/" . $imagepath; //This is the original file   
          list($width, $height) = getimagesize($file) ;
          $modwidth = 150;
          $diff = $width / $modwidth;
          $modheight = $height / $diff;
          $tn = imagecreatetruecolor($modwidth, $modheight) ;
          $image = imagecreatefromjpeg($file) ;
          imagecopyresampled($tn, $image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $modwidth, $modheight, $width, $height) ;
        //echo "Thumbnail: <img src='images/sml_".$imagepath."'>";
          imagejpeg($tn, $save, 100) ;
          }
        else{
            echo "File is not image";
            }
      }
    }
?>

这东西对我有用。没有使用任何外部图书馆

    define ("MAX_SIZE","3000");
 function getExtension($str) {
         $i = strrpos($str,".");
         if (!$i) { return ""; }
         $l = strlen($str) - $i;
         $ext = substr($str,$i+1,$l);
         return $ext;
 }

 $errors=0;

 if($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST")
 {
    $image =$_FILES["image-1"]["name"];
    $uploadedfile = $_FILES['image-1']['tmp_name'];


    if ($image) 
    {

        $filename = stripslashes($_FILES['image-1']['name']);

        $extension = getExtension($filename);
        $extension = strtolower($extension);


 if (($extension != "jpg") && ($extension != "jpeg") && ($extension != "png") && ($extension != "gif")) 
        {
            echo "Unknown Extension..!";
        }
        else
        {

 $size=filesize($_FILES['image-1']['tmp_name']);


if ($size > MAX_SIZE*1024)
{
    echo "File Size Excedeed..!!";
}


if($extension=="jpg" || $extension=="jpeg" )
{
$uploadedfile = $_FILES['image-1']['tmp_name'];
$src = imagecreatefromjpeg($uploadedfile);

}
else if($extension=="png")
{
$uploadedfile = $_FILES['image-1']['tmp_name'];
$src = imagecreatefrompng($uploadedfile);

}
else 
{
$src = imagecreatefromgif($uploadedfile);
echo $scr;
}

list($width,$height)=getimagesize($uploadedfile);


$newwidth=1000;
$newheight=($height/$width)*$newwidth;
$tmp=imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth,$newheight);


$newwidth1=1000;
$newheight1=($height/$width)*$newwidth1;
$tmp1=imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth1,$newheight1);

imagecopyresampled($tmp,$src,0,0,0,0,$newwidth,$newheight,$width,$height);

imagecopyresampled($tmp1,$src,0,0,0,0,$newwidth1,$newheight1,$width,$height);


$filename = "../images/product-image/Cars/". $_FILES['image-1']['name'];

$filename1 = "../images/product-image/Cars/small". $_FILES['image-1']['name'];



imagejpeg($tmp,$filename,100);

imagejpeg($tmp1,$filename1,100);

imagedestroy($src);
imagedestroy($tmp);
imagedestroy($tmp1);
}}

}

如果您想开箱即用地使用Imagick(大多数PHP发行版中都包含),那么就像...

$image = new Imagick();
$image_filehandle = fopen('some/file.jpg', 'a+');
$image->readImageFile($image_filehandle);

$image->scaleImage(100,200,FALSE);

$image_icon_filehandle = fopen('some/file-icon.jpg', 'a+');
$image->writeImageFile($image_icon_filehandle);

您可能希望基于原始图像更动态地计算宽度和高度。你可以得到的图像当前的宽度和高度,使用上面的例子,与$image->getImageHeight();$image->getImageWidth();

您也可以使用Imagine库。它使用GD和Imagick。

index.php:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>PHP Image resize to upload</title>
</head>
<body>


<div class="container">
    <form action="pro.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
        <input type="file" name="image" /> 
        <input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit" />
    </form>
</div>


</body>
</html>

upload.php

<?php


if(isset($_POST["submit"])) {
    if(is_array($_FILES)) {


        $file = $_FILES['image']['tmp_name']; 
        $sourceProperties = getimagesize($file);
        $fileNewName = time();
        $folderPath = "upload/";
        $ext = pathinfo($_FILES['image']['name'], PATHINFO_EXTENSION);
        $imageType = $sourceProperties[2];


        switch ($imageType) {


            case IMAGETYPE_PNG:
                $imageResourceId = imagecreatefrompng($file); 
                $targetLayer = imageResize($imageResourceId,$sourceProperties[0],$sourceProperties[1]);
                imagepng($targetLayer,$folderPath. $fileNewName. "_thump.". $ext);
                break;


            case IMAGETYPE_GIF:
                $imageResourceId = imagecreatefromgif($file); 
                $targetLayer = imageResize($imageResourceId,$sourceProperties[0],$sourceProperties[1]);
                imagegif($targetLayer,$folderPath. $fileNewName. "_thump.". $ext);
                break;


            case IMAGETYPE_JPEG:
                $imageResourceId = imagecreatefromjpeg($file); 
                $targetLayer = imageResize($imageResourceId,$sourceProperties[0],$sourceProperties[1]);
                imagejpeg($targetLayer,$folderPath. $fileNewName. "_thump.". $ext);
                break;


            default:
                echo "Invalid Image type.";
                exit;
                break;
        }


        move_uploaded_file($file, $folderPath. $fileNewName. ".". $ext);
        echo "Image Resize Successfully.";
    }
}


function imageResize($imageResourceId,$width,$height) {


    $targetWidth =200;
    $targetHeight =200;


    $targetLayer=imagecreatetruecolor($targetWidth,$targetHeight);
    imagecopyresampled($targetLayer,$imageResourceId,0,0,0,0,$targetWidth,$targetHeight, $width,$height);


    return $targetLayer;
}
?>

我跟着在步骤https://www.w3schools.com/php/php_file_upload.asphttp://www.w3bees.com/2013/03/resize-image-while-upload-using-php.html,产生这个解决方案:

在我看来(我正在使用MVC范例,但是它可能是您的文件.html.php文件,或者是您用于前端的技术):

<form action="../../photos/upload.php" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<label for="quantity">Width:</label>
  <input type="number" id="picture_width" name="picture_width" min="10" max="800" step="1" value="500">
Select image to upload:
<input type="file" name="fileToUpload" id="fileToUpload">
<input type="submit" value="Upload Image" name="submit">
</form>

我的upload.php

<?php
/* Get original image x y*/
list($w, $h) = getimagesize($_FILES['fileToUpload']['tmp_name']);
$new_height=$h*$_POST['picture_width']/$w;
/* calculate new image size with ratio */
$ratio = max($_POST['picture_width']/$w, $new_height/$h);
$h = ceil($new_height / $ratio);
$x = ($w - $_POST['picture_width'] / $ratio) / 2;
$w = ceil($_POST['picture_width'] / $ratio);
/* new file name */
//$path = 'uploads/'.$_POST['picture_width'].'x'.$new_height.'_'.basename($_FILES['fileToUpload']['name']);
$path = 'uploads/'.basename($_FILES['fileToUpload']['name']);
/* read binary data from image file */
$imgString = file_get_contents($_FILES['fileToUpload']['tmp_name']);
/* create image from string */
$image = imagecreatefromstring($imgString);
$tmp = imagecreatetruecolor($_POST['picture_width'], $new_height);
imagecopyresampled($tmp, $image,
    0, 0,
    $x, 0,
    $_POST['picture_width'], $new_height,
    $w, $h);
$uploadOk = 1;
$imageFileType = strtolower(pathinfo($path,PATHINFO_EXTENSION));
// Check if image file is a actual image or fake image
if(isset($_POST["submit"])) {
    $check = getimagesize($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["tmp_name"]);
    if($check !== false) {
        //echo "File is an image - " . $check["mime"] . ".";
        $uploadOk = 1;
    } else {
        //echo "File is not an image.";
        $uploadOk = 0;
    }
}
// Check if file already exists
if (file_exists($path)) {
    echo "Sorry, file already exists.";
    $uploadOk = 0;
}
// Check file size
if ($_FILES["fileToUpload"]["size"] > 500000) {
    echo "Sorry, your file is too large.";
    $uploadOk = 0;
}
// Allow certain file formats
if($imageFileType != "jpg" && $imageFileType != "png" && $imageFileType != "jpeg"
&& $imageFileType != "gif" ) {
    echo "Sorry, only JPG, JPEG, PNG & GIF files are allowed.";
    $uploadOk = 0;
}
// Check if $uploadOk is set to 0 by an error
if ($uploadOk == 0) {
    echo "Sorry, your file was not uploaded.";
    // if everything is ok, try to upload file
} else {
    /* Save image */
    switch ($_FILES['fileToUpload']['type']) {
        case 'image/jpeg':
            imagejpeg($tmp, $path, 100);
            break;
        case 'image/png':
            imagepng($tmp, $path, 0);
            break;
        case 'image/gif':
            imagegif($tmp, $path);
            break;
        default:
            exit;
            break;
    }
    echo "The file ". basename( $_FILES["fileToUpload"]["name"]). " has been uploaded.";
    /* cleanup memory */
    imagedestroy($image);
    imagedestroy($tmp);
}
?>

存储图片的文件夹的名称称为“ uploads /”。您需要事先创建该文件夹,然后才能在其中查看图片。这对我很有效。

注意:这是我的表格:

在此处输入图片说明

代码正在正确上传和调整图片大小。我使用此链接作为指南:http : //www.w3bees.com/2013/03/resize-image-while-upload-using-php.html我进行了修改,因为在该代码中,它们同时指定了调整大小后的图片的宽度和高度。就我而言,我只想指定宽度。我会自动按比例计算高度,只是保持适当的图片比例。一切正常。我希望这有帮助。

我认为Zebra_Image库的完整示例非常简单实用。有很多代码,但是如果您阅读它,也会有很多注释,因此您可以进行复制和粘贴以快速使用它。

本示例验证图像格式,大小并用自定义分辨率替换图像大小。有Zebra库和文档(仅下载Zebra_Image.php文件)。

说明

  1. 图像通过uploadFile函数上传到服务器
  2. 如果图像已正确上传,我们将通过getUserFile函数恢复该图像及其路径
  3. 将图像调整为自定义的宽度和高度,并在相同路径下替换。

主功能

private function uploadImage() {        
    $target_file = "../img/blog/";
    
//this function could be in the same PHP file or class. I use a Helper (see bellow)
    if(UsersUtils::uploadFile($target_file, $this->selectedBlog->getId())) {
//This function is at same Helper class.
//The image will be returned allways if there isn't errors uploading it, for this reason there aren't validations here.
        $blogPhotoPath = UsersUtils::getUserFile($target_file, $this->selectedBlog->getId());
        
        // create a new instance of the class
        $imageHelper = new Zebra_Image();
        // indicate a source image
        $imageHelper->source_path = $blogPhotoPath;
        // indicate a target image
        $imageHelper->target_path = $blogPhotoPath;
        // since in this example we're going to have a jpeg file, let's set the output
        // image's quality
        $imageHelper->jpeg_quality = 100;

        // some additional properties that can be set
        // read about them in the documentation
        $imageHelper->preserve_aspect_ratio = true;
        $imageHelper->enlarge_smaller_images = true;
        $imageHelper->preserve_time = true;
        $imageHelper->handle_exif_orientation_tag = true;
        // resize
        // and if there is an error, show the error message
        if (!$imageHelper->resize(450, 310, ZEBRA_IMAGE_CROP_CENTER)) {
            // if there was an error, let's see what the error is about
            switch ($imageHelper->error) {
                case 1:
                    echo 'Source file could not be found!';
                    break;
                case 2:
                    echo 'Source file is not readable!';
                    break;
                case 3:
                    echo 'Could not write target file!';
                    break;
                case 4:
                    echo 'Unsupported source file format!';
                    break;
                case 5:
                    echo 'Unsupported target file format!';
                    break;
                case 6:
                    echo 'GD library version does not support target file format!';
                    break;
                case 7:
                    echo 'GD library is not installed!';
                    break;
                case 8:
                    echo '"chmod" command is disabled via configuration!';
                    break;
                case 9:
                    echo '"exif_read_data" function is not available';
                    break;
            }
        } else {
            echo 'Image uploaded with new size without erros');
        }
    }
}

外部函数或在同一PHP文件中使用,以除去公共静态限定符。

    public static function uploadFile($targetDir, $fileName) {        
    // File upload path
    $fileUploaded = $_FILES["input-file"];
    
    $fileType = pathinfo(basename($fileUploaded["name"]),PATHINFO_EXTENSION);
    $targetFilePath = $targetDir . $fileName .'.'.$fileType;
    
    if(empty($fileName)){
        echo 'Error: any file found inside this path';
        return false;
    }
    
    // Allow certain file formats
    $allowTypes = array('jpg','png','jpeg','gif','pdf');
    if(in_array($fileType, $allowTypes)){
        //Max buffer length 8M
        var_dump(ob_get_length());
        if(ob_get_length() > 8388608) {
            echo 'Error: Max size available 8MB';
            return false;
        }
        // Upload file to server
        if(move_uploaded_file($fileUploaded["tmp_name"], $targetFilePath)){
            return true;
        }else{
            echo 'Error: error_uploading_image.';
        }
    }else{
        echo 'Error: Only files JPG, JPEG, PNG, GIF y PDF types are allowed';
    }
    return false;
}

public static function getUserFile($targetDir, $userId) {
    $userImages = glob($targetDir.$userId.'.*');
    return !empty($userImages) ? $userImages[0] : null;
}

基于@zeusstl的答案,以上传多个图像:

function img_resize()
{

  $input = 'input-upload-img1'; // Name of input

  $maxDim = 400;
  foreach ($_FILES[$input]['tmp_name'] as $file_name){
    list($width, $height, $type, $attr) = getimagesize( $file_name );
    if ( $width > $maxDim || $height > $maxDim ) {
        $target_filename = $file_name;
        $ratio = $width/$height;
        if( $ratio > 1) {
            $new_width = $maxDim;
            $new_height = $maxDim/$ratio;
        } else {
            $new_width = $maxDim*$ratio;
            $new_height = $maxDim;
        }
        $src = imagecreatefromstring( file_get_contents( $file_name ) );
        $dst = imagecreatetruecolor( $new_width, $new_height );
        imagecopyresampled( $dst, $src, 0, 0, 0, 0, $new_width, $new_height, $width, $height );
        imagedestroy( $src );
        imagepng( $dst, $target_filename ); // adjust format as needed
        imagedestroy( $dst );
    }
  }
}

下载库文件Zebra_Image.php belo链接

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bx-7K3oajNTRV1I2UzYySGZFd3M/view

resizeimage.php

<?php
    require 'Zebra_Image.php';
    // create a new instance of the class
     $resize_image = new Zebra_Image();
     // indicate a source image
    $resize_image->source_path = $target_file1;
    $ext = $photo;
    // indicate a target image
    $resize_image->target_path = 'images/thumbnil/' . $ext;
    // resize
    // and if there is an error, show the error message
    if (!$resize_image->resize(200, 200, ZEBRA_IMAGE_NOT_BOXED, -1));
    // from this moment on, work on the resized image
    $resize_image->source_path = 'images/thumbnil/' . $ext;
?>
本文地址:http://php.askforanswer.com/phpshangzaitupiandaxiaodiaozheng.html
文章标签: ,  
版权声明:本文为原创文章,版权归 admin 所有,欢迎分享本文,转载请保留出处!

文件下载

老薛主机终身7折优惠码boke112

上一篇:
下一篇:

评论已关闭!