从上传的图像创建缩略图

2021/01/15 10:41 · php ·  · 0评论

我想从用户上传的图像创建缩略图,以使图像看起来不被挤压。但是,我还想要原始图像的副本。因此,我希望原始图像将原始图像发送到我的服务器,并创建一个thumb版本并将其发送到我的服务器,这样我就可以为每个上传自己的图片。

我的用户表有2个表

`user_pic` longblob NOT NULL,
`user_pic_small` longblob NOT NULL,

我对编码的图像方面并不感到热衷,但这是到目前为止。

Imageupload.php

> <form id="myForm" action="include/media.profileimage.upload.php"
> method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" target="ifr1">
>                   <input type = "file" name = "image_data" class = "input_text" style="width:800px;" >    
>                   <input type = "submit" name = "submit"   class = "btn_login" value = "Upload">
>         </form>

media.profileimage.upload.php

if(isset($_FILES['image_data'])){
       if(is_uploaded_file($_FILES['image_data']['tmp_name'])) {

            // prepare the image for insertion
                $imgData =addslashes (file_get_contents($_FILES['image_data']['tmp_name']));

            // get the image info..
              $size = getimagesize($_FILES['image_data']['tmp_name']);


            // our sql query
            $creator_id     =   $_SESSION['id'];
            $sql = "UPDATE users SET user_pic='".$imgData."' WHERE id=$creator_id";
            $sql2 = "INSERT INTO userphotos(photo_ownerid,photo_ispublic, photo_name, photo_caption, photo_imagedata) VALUES ($creator_id,1,'Profile Picture','Profile Picture','$imgData')";

            // insert the image
            if(!mysql_query($sql)) {
                echo "Fail. It broke.";
            }else{
            $c=mysql_query($sql2);

                echo "<script> parent.alert('Image Uploaded','',1000);</script>";
            }
        }
    }

将不胜感激任何帮助或指导。谢谢

更新:

如果您想利用Imagick的优势(如果已安装在服务器上)。注意:我没有使用Imagick的性质,writeFile因为我在服务器上遇到了问题。文件放置内容也一样。

<?php
/**
 * 
 * Generate Thumbnail using Imagick class
 *  
 * @param string $img
 * @param string $width
 * @param string $height
 * @param int $quality
 * @return boolean on true
 * @throws Exception
 * @throws ImagickException
 */
function generateThumbnail($img, $width, $height, $quality = 90)
{
    if (is_file($img)) {
        $imagick = new Imagick(realpath($img));
        $imagick->setImageFormat('jpeg');
        $imagick->setImageCompression(Imagick::COMPRESSION_JPEG);
        $imagick->setImageCompressionQuality($quality);
        $imagick->thumbnailImage($width, $height, false, false);
        $filename_no_ext = reset(explode('.', $img));
        if (file_put_contents($filename_no_ext . '_thumb' . '.jpg', $imagick) === false) {
            throw new Exception("Could not put contents.");
        }
        return true;
    }
    else {
        throw new Exception("No valid image provided with {$img}.");
    }
}

// example usage
try {
    generateThumbnail('test.jpg', 100, 50, 65);
}
catch (ImagickException $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage();
}
catch (Exception $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage();
}
?>

我一直在使用它,只需在存储原始图像并使用该位置创建缩略图后执行该功能即可。根据自己的喜好编辑...

function makeThumbnails($updir, $img, $id)
{
    $thumbnail_width = 134;
    $thumbnail_height = 189;
    $thumb_beforeword = "thumb";
    $arr_image_details = getimagesize("$updir" . $id . '_' . "$img"); // pass id to thumb name
    $original_width = $arr_image_details[0];
    $original_height = $arr_image_details[1];
    if ($original_width > $original_height) {
        $new_width = $thumbnail_width;
        $new_height = intval($original_height * $new_width / $original_width);
    } else {
        $new_height = $thumbnail_height;
        $new_width = intval($original_width * $new_height / $original_height);
    }
    $dest_x = intval(($thumbnail_width - $new_width) / 2);
    $dest_y = intval(($thumbnail_height - $new_height) / 2);
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_GIF) {
        $imgt = "ImageGIF";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromGIF";
    }
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_JPEG) {
        $imgt = "ImageJPEG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromJPEG";
    }
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == IMAGETYPE_PNG) {
        $imgt = "ImagePNG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromPNG";
    }
    if ($imgt) {
        $old_image = $imgcreatefrom("$updir" . $id . '_' . "$img");
        $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($thumbnail_width, $thumbnail_height);
        imagecopyresized($new_image, $old_image, $dest_x, $dest_y, 0, 0, $new_width, $new_height, $original_width, $original_height);
        $imgt($new_image, "$updir" . $id . '_' . "$thumb_beforeword" . "$img");
    }
}

上面的功能创建的图像具有统一的缩略图大小。如果图像的大小与指定的缩略图大小不同(按比例),则其顶部和底部只有空格。

我猜您已经知道了这一点。但是我看到您将图像存储为“ longblobs”,这使我认为您正在存储图片的全部二进制内容。

我希望您已经意识到,仅将文件名存储在数据库中,然后使用该信息从“上载”文件夹或类似文件中获取图片,这将更加有意义。

提示-不要保存文件路径..仅保存文件名..根据需要在代码中添加路径信息。这样一来,您将拥有最大的自由度。如果需要更改文件夹结构,则可以在代码中完成,而无需更改数据库记录。

您可以使用最简单的方法

<?php
function make_thumb($src, $dest, $desired_width) {

    /* read the source image */
    $source_image = imagecreatefromjpeg($src);
    $width = imagesx($source_image);
    $height = imagesy($source_image);

    /* find the "desired height" of this thumbnail, relative to the desired width  */
    $desired_height = floor($height * ($desired_width / $width));

    /* create a new, "virtual" image */
    $virtual_image = imagecreatetruecolor($desired_width, $desired_height);

    /* copy source image at a resized size */
    imagecopyresampled($virtual_image, $source_image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $desired_width, $desired_height, $width, $height);

    /* create the physical thumbnail image to its destination */
    imagejpeg($virtual_image, $dest);
}

$src="1494684586337H.jpg";
$dest="new.jpg";
$desired_width="200";
make_thumb($src, $dest, $desired_width);
?>

我知道这是一个古老的问题,但是我偶然发现了同样的问题,并尝试使用Alex答案中给出的功能。

但是jpeg结果的质量太低。因此,我对功能进行了一些更改以使其在我的项目中变得更加可用,并将“ imagecopyresize”更改为“ imagecopyresampled”(根据此推荐)。

如果您对如何使用此功能有疑问,请尝试在此处查看详细记录的版本

function createThumbnail($filepath, $thumbpath, $thumbnail_width, $thumbnail_height, $background=false) {
    list($original_width, $original_height, $original_type) = getimagesize($filepath);
    if ($original_width > $original_height) {
        $new_width = $thumbnail_width;
        $new_height = intval($original_height * $new_width / $original_width);
    } else {
        $new_height = $thumbnail_height;
        $new_width = intval($original_width * $new_height / $original_height);
    }
    $dest_x = intval(($thumbnail_width - $new_width) / 2);
    $dest_y = intval(($thumbnail_height - $new_height) / 2);

    if ($original_type === 1) {
        $imgt = "ImageGIF";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromGIF";
    } else if ($original_type === 2) {
        $imgt = "ImageJPEG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromJPEG";
    } else if ($original_type === 3) {
        $imgt = "ImagePNG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromPNG";
    } else {
        return false;
    }

    $old_image = $imgcreatefrom($filepath);
    $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($thumbnail_width, $thumbnail_height); // creates new image, but with a black background

    // figuring out the color for the background
    if(is_array($background) && count($background) === 3) {
      list($red, $green, $blue) = $background;
      $color = imagecolorallocate($new_image, $red, $green, $blue);
      imagefill($new_image, 0, 0, $color);
    // apply transparent background only if is a png image
    } else if($background === 'transparent' && $original_type === 3) {
      imagesavealpha($new_image, TRUE);
      $color = imagecolorallocatealpha($new_image, 0, 0, 0, 127);
      imagefill($new_image, 0, 0, $color);
    }

    imagecopyresampled($new_image, $old_image, $dest_x, $dest_y, 0, 0, $new_width, $new_height, $original_width, $original_height);
    $imgt($new_image, $thumbpath);
    return file_exists($thumbpath);
}

万一您需要创建具有最大宽度和最大高度的拇指...

function makeThumbnails($updir, $img, $id,$MaxWe=100,$MaxHe=150){
    $arr_image_details = getimagesize($img); 
    $width = $arr_image_details[0];
    $height = $arr_image_details[1];

    $percent = 100;
    if($width > $MaxWe) $percent = floor(($MaxWe * 100) / $width);

    if(floor(($height * $percent)/100)>$MaxHe)  
    $percent = (($MaxHe * 100) / $height);

    if($width > $height) {
        $newWidth=$MaxWe;
        $newHeight=round(($height*$percent)/100);
    }else{
        $newWidth=round(($width*$percent)/100);
        $newHeight=$MaxHe;
    }

    if ($arr_image_details[2] == 1) {
        $imgt = "ImageGIF";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromGIF";
    }
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == 2) {
        $imgt = "ImageJPEG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromJPEG";
    }
    if ($arr_image_details[2] == 3) {
        $imgt = "ImagePNG";
        $imgcreatefrom = "ImageCreateFromPNG";
    }


    if ($imgt) {
        $old_image = $imgcreatefrom($img);
        $new_image = imagecreatetruecolor($newWidth, $newHeight);
        imagecopyresized($new_image, $old_image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $newWidth, $newHeight, $width, $height);

       $imgt($new_image, $updir."".$id."_t.jpg");
        return;    
    }
}

希望此代码有助于为JPG,PNG和GIF格式创建缩略图。

<?php

    $file = "D:/server/sites/Sourcefol/high/bucket/kath23.png";   /*Your Original Source Image */
    $pathToSave = "D:/server/sites/Sourcefol/high/bucket/New/"; /*Your Destination Folder */
    $sourceWidth =60;
    $sourceHeight = 60;
    $what = getimagesize($file);
    $file_name = basename($file);/* Name of the Image File*/
    $ext   = pathinfo($file_name, PATHINFO_EXTENSION);

    /* Adding image name _thumb for thumbnail image */
    $file_name = basename($file_name, ".$ext") . '_thumb.' . $ext;

    switch(strtolower($what['mime']))
    {
        case 'image/png':
            $img = imagecreatefrompng($file);
            $new = imagecreatetruecolor($what[0],$what[1]);
            imagecopy($new,$img,0,0,0,0,$what[0],$what[1]);
            header('Content-Type: image/png');           
        break;
        case 'image/jpeg':
            $img = imagecreatefromjpeg($file);
            $new = imagecreatetruecolor($what[0],$what[1]);
            imagecopy($new,$img,0,0,0,0,$what[0],$what[1]);
            header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');
        break;
        case 'image/gif':
            $img = imagecreatefromgif($file);
            $new = imagecreatetruecolor($what[0],$what[1]);
            imagecopy($new,$img,0,0,0,0,$what[0],$what[1]);
            header('Content-Type: image/gif');
        break;
        default: die();
    }

        imagejpeg($new,$pathToSave.$file_name);
        imagedestroy($new);

?>
function getExtension($str) 
    {

          $i = strrpos($str,".");
         if (!$i) { return ""; } 

         $l = strlen($str) - $i;
         $ext = substr($str,$i+1,$l);
         return $ext;
    }

$valid_formats = array("jpg", "png", "gif", "bmp","jpeg","PNG","JPG","JPEG","GIF","BMP");
if(isset($_POST) and $_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'] == "POST")
    {
        $name = $_FILES['photoimg']['name'];
        $size = $_FILES['photoimg']['size'];

        if(strlen($name))
            {
                 $ext = getExtension($name);
                if(in_array($ext,$valid_formats))
                {
                if($size<(1024*1024))
                    {
                        $actual_image_name = time().substr(str_replace(" ", "_", $txt), 5).".".$ext;
                        $tmp = $_FILES['photoimg']['tmp_name'];
                        if(move_uploaded_file($tmp, $path.$actual_image_name))
                            {


                            mysql_query("INSERT INTO users (uid, profile_image) VALUES ('$session_id' , '$actual_image_name')");

                                echo "<img src='uploads/".$actual_image_name."'  class='preview'>";
                            }
                        else
                            echo "Fail upload folder with read access.";
                    }
                    else
                    echo "Image file size max 1 MB";                    
                    }
                    else
                    echo "Invalid file format..";   
            }

        else
            echo "Please select image..!";

        exit;
    }

带有缩略图生成的图像上传

upload.php

<?php
function generate_thumb_now($field_name = '',$target_folder ='',$file_name = '', $thumb = FALSE, $thumb_folder = '', $thumb_width = '',$thumb_height = ''){
         //folder path setup
         $target_path = $target_folder;
         $thumb_path = $thumb_folder;   
         //file name setup
    $filename_err = explode(".",$_FILES[$field_name]['name']);
    $filename_err_count = count($filename_err);
    $file_ext = $filename_err[$filename_err_count-1];
     if($file_name != '')
     {
        $fileName = $file_name.'.'.$file_ext;
      }
    else
    {
        $fileName = $_FILES[$field_name]['name'];
    }   
    //upload image path
    $upload_image = $target_path.basename($fileName);   
    //upload image
    if(move_uploaded_file($_FILES[$field_name]['tmp_name'],$upload_image))
    {
         //thumbnail creation
        if($thumb == TRUE)
        {
            $thumbnail = $thumb_path.$fileName;
            list($width,$height) = getimagesize($upload_image);
            $thumb_create = imagecreatetruecolor($thumb_width,$thumb_height);
            switch($file_ext){
                case 'jpg':
                    $source = imagecreatefromjpeg($upload_image);
                    break;
                case 'jpeg':
                    $source = imagecreatefromjpeg($upload_image);
                    break;
                case 'png':
                    $source = imagecreatefrompng($upload_image);
                    break;
                case 'gif':
                    $source = imagecreatefromgif($upload_image);
                     break;
                default:
                    $source = imagecreatefromjpeg($upload_image);
            }
       imagecopyresized($thumb_create, $source, 0, 0, 0, 0, $thumb_width, $thumb_height, $width,$height);
            switch($file_ext){
                case 'jpg' || 'jpeg':
                    imagejpeg($thumb_create,$thumbnail,100);
                    break;
                case 'png':
                    imagepng($thumb_create,$thumbnail,100);
                    break;
                case 'gif':
                    imagegif($thumb_create,$thumbnail,100);
                     break;
                default:
                    imagejpeg($thumb_create,$thumbnail,100);
            }
        }
        return $fileName;
     }
    else
    {
        return false;
     }
    }
    if(!empty($_FILES['image']['name'])){       
    $upload_img = generate_thumb_now('image','uploads/','',TRUE,'uploads /thumbs/','400','320');

    //full path of the thumbnail image
    $thumb_src = 'uploads/thumbs/'.$upload_img;

    //set success and error messages
    $message = $upload_img?"<span style='color:#008000;'>Image thumbnail created successfully.</span>":"<span style='color:#F00000;'>Some error occurred, please try again.</span>";

    }else{

    //if form is not submitted, below variable should be blank
    $thumb_src = '';
    $message = '';
    }
    ?>

    <html>
    <head>Image upload and generate thumbnail</head>
     <body>
     <div class="messages"><?php echo $message; ?></div>
      <form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
      <input type="file" name="image"/>
      <input type="submit" name="submit" value="Upload"/>
    </form>
    <?php if($thumb_src != ''){ ?>
    <div class="gallery">
    <ul>
        <li><img src="<?php echo $thumb_src; ?>" alt=""></li>
    </ul>
   </div>
    <?php } ?>
    </body>
    </html>
<?php 
error_reporting(0);

$change="";
$abc="";


 define ("MAX_SIZE","4000");
 function getExtension($str) {
         $i = strrpos($str,".");
         if (!$i) { return ""; }
         $l = strlen($str) - $i;
         $ext = substr($str,$i+1,$l);
         return $ext;
 }

 $errors=0;

 if($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST")
 {
    $image =$_FILES["file"]["name"];
    $uploadedfile = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];


    if ($image) 
    {

        $filename = stripslashes($_FILES['file']['name']);

        $extension = getExtension($filename);
        $extension = strtolower($extension);


 if (($extension != "jpg") && ($extension != "jpeg") && ($extension != "png") && ($extension != "gif")) 
        {

            $change='<div class="msgdiv">Unknown Image extension </div> ';
            $errors=1;
        }
        else
        {

 $size=filesize($_FILES['file']['tmp_name']);


if ($size > MAX_SIZE*1024)
{
    $change='<div class="msgdiv">You have exceeded the size limit!</div> ';
    $errors=1;
}


if($extension=="jpg" || $extension=="jpeg" )
{
$uploadedfile = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
$src = imagecreatefromjpeg($uploadedfile);

}
else if($extension=="png")
{
$uploadedfile = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
$src = imagecreatefrompng($uploadedfile);

}
else 
{
$src = imagecreatefromgif($uploadedfile);
}

echo $scr;

list($width,$height)=getimagesize($uploadedfile);


$newwidth=45;
$newheight=45;
$tmp=imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth,$newheight);


$newwidth1=90;
$newheight1=90;
$tmp1=imagecreatetruecolor($newwidth1,$newheight1);

$tmp2=imagecreatetruecolor($width,$height);
imagecopyresampled($tmp,$src,0,0,0,0,$newwidth,$newheight,$width,$height);

imagecopyresampled($tmp1,$src,0,0,0,0,$newwidth1,$newheight1,$width,$height);

imagecopyresampled($tmp2,$src,0,0,0,0,$width,$height,$width,$height);

$filename = "images/1-". $_FILES['file']['name']=time();

$filename1 = "images/2-". $_FILES['file']['name']=time();

$filename2 = "images/3-". $_FILES['file']['name']=time();

imagejpeg($tmp,$filename,100);

imagejpeg($tmp1,$filename1,100);

imagejpeg($tmp2,$filename2,100);

imagedestroy($src);
imagedestroy($tmp);
imagedestroy($tmp1);
}}

}
 if(isset($_POST['Submit']) && !$errors) 
 {

   // mysql_query("update {$prefix}users set img='$big',img_small='$small' where user_id='$user'");
    $change=' <div class="msgdiv">Image Uploaded Successfully!</div>';
 }

?>
<html xml:lang="en" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en"><head>
    <title>picture demo</title>

   <link href=".css" media="screen, projection" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
    <script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery_002.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/displaymsg.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/ajaxdelete.js"></script>


  <style type="text/css">
  .help
{
font-size:11px; color:#006600;
}
body {
     color: #000000;
 background-color:#999999 ;
    background:#999999 url(<?php echo $user_row['img_src']; ?>) fixed repeat top left;


    font-family:"Lucida Grande", "Lucida Sans Unicode", Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; 

    }
        .msgdiv{
    width:759px;
padding-top:8px;
padding-bottom:8px;
background-color: #fff;
font-weight:bold;
font-size:18px;-moz-border-radius: 6px;-webkit-border-radius: 6px;
}
#container{width:763px;margin:0 auto;padding:3px 0;text-align:left;position:relative; -moz-border-radius: 6px;-webkit-border-radius: 6px; background-color:#FFFFFF }
</style>

  </head><body>
     <div align="center" id="err">
<?php echo $change; ?>  </div>
   <div id="space"></div>





  <div id="container" >

   <div id="con">



        <table width="502" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" id="main">
          <tbody>
            <tr>
              <td width="500" height="238" valign="top" id="main_right">

              <div id="posts">
              &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="<?php// echo $filename; ?>" />  &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="<?php// echo $filename1; ?>"  />
                <form method="post" action="" enctype="multipart/form-data" name="form1">
                <table width="500" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
               <tr><Td style="height:25px">&nbsp;</Td></tr>
        <tr>
          <td width="150"><div align="right" class="titles">Picture 
            : </div></td>
          <td width="350" align="left">
            <div align="left">
              <input size="25" name="file" type="file" style="font-family:Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size:10pt" class="box"/>

              </div></td>

        </tr>
        <tr><Td></Td>
        <Td valign="top" height="35px" class="help">Image maximum size <b>4000 </b>kb</span></Td>
        </tr>
        <tr><Td></Td><Td valign="top" height="35px"><input type="submit" id="mybut" value="       Upload        " name="Submit"/></Td></tr>
        <tr>
          <td width="200">&nbsp;</td>
          <td width="200"><table width="200" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
              <tr>
                <td width="200" align="center"><div align="left"></div></td>
                <td width="100">&nbsp;</td>
              </tr>
          </table></td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </form>
 </div>
            </td>

        </tr>
          </tbody>
     </table>
   </div>

  </div>



</body></html>
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